Showing posts from June, 2019

Build a Responsive UI with ConstraintLayout

ConstraintLayout allows you to create large and complex layouts with a flat view hierarchy (no nested view groups). It's similar to RelativeLayout in that all views are laid out according to relationships between sibling views and the parent layout, but it's more flexible than RelativeLayout and easier to use with Android Studio's Layout Editor. All the power of ConstraintLayout is available directly from the Layout Editor's visual tools, because the layout API and the Layout Editor were specially built for each other. So you can build your layout with ConstraintLayout entirely by drag-and-dropping instead of editing the XML. ConstraintLayout is available in an API library that's compatible with Android 2.3 (API level 9) and higher. This page provides a guide to building a layout with ConstraintLayout in Android Studio 3.0 or higher. If you'd like more information about the Layout Editor itself, see the Android Studio guide to Build a UI with L

Android Building web apps in WebView

If you want to deliver a web application (or just a web page) as a part of a client application, you can do it using WebView . The WebView class is an extension of Android's View class that allows you to display web pages as a part of your activity layout. It does not include any features of a fully developed web browser, such as navigation controls or an address bar. All that WebView does, by default, is show a web page. A common scenario in which using WebView is helpful is when you want to provide information in your app that you might need to update, such as an end-user agreement or a user guide. Within your Android app, you can create an Activity that contains a WebView , then use that to display your document that's hosted online. Another scenario in which WebView can help is if your app provides data to the user that always requires an Internet connection to retrieve data, such as email. In this case, you might find that it's easier to build a WebView

Linear Layout

LinearLayout is a view group that aligns all children in a single direction, vertically or horizontally. You can specify the layout direction with the android:orientation attribute. Note: For better performance and tooling support, you should instead build your layout with ConstraintLayout . All children of a LinearLayout are stacked one after the other, so a vertical list will only have one child per row, no matter how wide they are, and a horizontal list will only be one row high (the height of the tallest child, plus padding). A LinearLayout respects margin s between children and the gravity (right, center, or left alignment) of each child. Layout Weight LinearLayout also supports assigning a weight to individual children with the android:layout_weight attribute. This attribute assigns an "importance" value to a view in terms of how much space it should occupy on the screen. A larger weight value allows it to expand to fill any remaining space in the pa

Relative Layout

RelativeLayout is a view group that displays child views in relative positions. The position of each view can be specified as relative to sibling elements (such as to the left-of or below another view) or in positions relative to the parent RelativeLayout area (such as aligned to the bottom, left or center). Note: For better performance and tooling support, you should instead build your layout with ConstraintLayout . A RelativeLayout is a very powerful utility for designing a user interface because it can eliminate nested view groups and keep your layout hierarchy flat, which improves performance. If you find yourself using several nested LinearLayout groups, you may be able to replace them with a single RelativeLayout . Positioning Views RelativeLayout lets child views specify their position relative to the parent view or to each other (specified by ID). So you can align two elements by right border, or make one below another, centered in the screen, centered left, a

Android Layouts [UPADTED 2019]

A layout defines the structure for a user interface in your app, such as in an activity. All elements in the layout are built using a hierarchy of View and ViewGroup objects. A View usually draws something the user can see and interact with. Whereas a ViewGroup is an invisible container that defines the layout structure for View and other ViewGroup objects, as shown in figure 1. Figure 1. Illustration of a view hierarchy, which defines a UI layout The View objects are usually called "widgets" and can be one of many subclasses, such as Button or TextView . The ViewGroup objects are usually called "layouts" can be one of many types that provide a different layout structure, such as LinearLayout or ConstraintLayout . You can declare a layout in two ways: Declare UI elements in XML . Android provides a straightforward XML vocabulary that corresponds to the View classes and subclasses, such as those for widgets and layouts. You can also use Android